PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

Medical Equipment Marketplace

The medical equipment marketplace is replete with broad selections of equipment and supplies for medical, dental, and beauty salon equipment. There are several websites devoted to supplying such items. Trade networks exist within social commerce climates that constantly move products in this category every hour of every day. It is a highly competitive market and the information provided regarding the products is sometimes reliable and in other situations it is unreliable.

Within this market it is important to know certain facts. In order to learn these facts, you might have to critically shop around and ask many questions. When you do this, you will find contradictory information as well as useful information. You will see that some businesses selling these products are reliable and others are not. Ultimately it is confusing. One of the best companies that I have seen is Crystal Medical http://www.crystalmedical.co.uk.

Crystal Medical has a special niche in the medical equipment marketplace. They offer an exceptional variety of products in many categories including dental, medical, surgical, opthamalic, nursing, homecare, veterinary, pharmaceutical, and software categories. All of the products they offer are of high quality. Their dental equipment line is comprehensive and takes quality seriously.

Perhaps one of their best features is the flexible payment plans. With Crystal Medical, you may purchase medical equipment, dental equipment, and beauty salon equipment outright or you may rent the products on agreement for nominal fees. They have their payment plans set up in such a way that the equipment you purchase can pay for itself with added profit. Often these upgrades in equipment yield better business profits, easily offsetting the cost of the equipment itself.

Naturally, there are other organizations that offer similar equipment. You should research those as well. I believe you will discover that Crystal Medical offers the best products and the most practical payment plans. Considering the fact that they offer a 5 year warranty on all of the products they sell, it is a deal worth considering. Advance the technology of your healthcare practice with a reliable company and you will be assured better quality and cost.

Travel Tips for Extended Stay Apartments in Toronto

Travelers often find hotel rooms expensive and too small to be comfortable after a week or two. The corporate housing industry has sprouted up to provide an alternative: accommodations are offered in serviced furnished apartments so that business people and others staying in a city for a month or more can take short-term leases on corporate suites in the part of the city that is preferred by the customer. Some executives prefer peace and quiet while others like to be close to the action.

The city of Toronto is a destination that most Canadian business people will visit at some point if they are company executives.

Most major corporations maintain offices in Ontario’s capitol so there is an endless flow of airport traffic, many quality hotels, and countless restaurants to serve visitors. For some, the 0 or so per night hotel room cost is not the main issue when the company budget is large; the executives however have greater needs for privacy and they may not want to dine out for every meal.

The corporate housing solution provides furnished apartments in condo buildings with all the amenities they are used to at home. The apartments have twice the floor space of hotel rooms – this allows the visitor to relax and settle in.

It’s doubtful that anyone would look forward to the formalities of hotel living after being in office meetings all day. A hotel room is little more than a place to sleep and shower. The urge to get out of the room usually results in a trip to the lounge or other public place to be around other people so less work gets done.

The average cost of a corporate suite is about 0 per night so for half the price you get twice the space plus closets, couches, kitchens, dishwashers, laundry machines, internet access, dinnerware, parking, sauna, gym, and swimming facilities in the building – everything that can satisfy the needs of someone who has to be away from home for several months. Chances are they will be working on the laptop much of the time in these days of telecommuting and remote virtual offices.

The companies that arrange these suites find suite owners who will be away or who rent units for profit and put them in the reservation system which customers can access online. Photos of the suites can help the guests choose the décor they prefer. The corporate housing business makes a marginal profit in normal times but the companies in Toronto suffered losses in the SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) outbreak scare of 2003 when, in April of that year the World Health Organization advised that all but essential travel to Toronto should be avoided due the enormous Chinese population coming and going from their home country, possibly spreading the disease. This magnified to near-quarantine levels and destroyed the tourist trade for many months.

The scare turned out to be nothing substantial but the effect on the city’s economy was profound and long-lasting. So was the fear of touching door handles, eating in restaurants, being in crowds, shopping in stores, and shaking hands with people. The ripple effect seemed to cost everybody money. Toronto was so paralyzed by the SARS scare that a concert called “Molson Canadian Rocks for Toronto” featuring the Rolling Stones and AC/DC was put on to help revive the city’s tourist trade.

Car rental companies do provide dinner for toddlers, but will you look for it?

Of course, those of us with a good credit score can rent an RV and cook whenever we need food for the toddlers. That way, we can always take the emerging food preferences into account without undue waste and expense. It’s the same if we decide to go the route of camping. We can either pick the sites with cooking facilities or carry our own gas rings. Remember starting real fires in the middle of our current hot summer is not likely to endear us to Park Rangers and others trying to prevent wildfires from starting. So this gives you a shopping list of possible makes and models to shop for at the car rental agencies if you propose carrying outdoor cooking equipment.

Otherwise you load the people into the vehicle and set off into the wild blue yonder, full of the joys of the road and hope in your hearts. Those of you with toddlers will know they are just learning about the world and beginning to take some control over how they relate to it. One of the first symptoms of toddler control comes in emerging taste preferences. This is not to say any child should have a say over what gets put on the plate, but practical reality may call for some negotiation over how much is eaten. Most children go through phases of being picky. Many never seem to emerge from this phase. If you’re lucky, the child will only eat something available at every diner or restaurant. This may be macaroni cheese which has the benefit of being relatively cheap and nutritious, or it may be junk food which will encourage faster growth around the waist. Either way, you need food storage in the vehicle you rented so that, if there’s a mutiny and all outside food is refused, you can fall back on snacks when the real hunger kicks in.

Hopefully, the car rental companies offered guidance on the diners and restaurants offering child-friendly portions at reasonable price. If not, spend time on the internet searching out the likely places to eat. Never assume all diners will cater for your toddlers.

Uses of Solar Power

Conversion of solar power into electricity is one of the most popular political agenda in many countries, which can be used to resolve the issue of demand and supply gap of petroleum products in an eco-friendly way. Solar Power for home and industrial development is getting famous day by day due to its immense number of benefits. It can be used in many ways, and according to a recent researches, it is found that some scientists have developed a virtual houseplant, which has organic thin-film solar cells as leaves. Here are some of the utilizations of solar power, which can benefit the users: Air-conditioning though Solar Power: Solar power is one of the most efficient ways to reduce your electricity bills, and that saving can be utilised on other useful purposes. Solar power can also be used to run air-conditions as well, which can be used for homes and industries.

You can also get other home solar power equipments in the market, which can fulfil some of your requirements. Water Heating Systems: Solar energy can also be used for the purpose of heating water for household and industries, and can save more than thirty percent of your average electricity bills. It can also be used to provide electricity for home users. Solar Trash Cans: Solar trashcans are the latest invention of scientists, which can be used to reduce the impact of trash and various biological wastes in your area. These devices use the energy of sun to destroy the waste without even polluting the environment, and can also store more trash. They are more efficient than other devices and low in operating costs. Electricity through Solar Power: In order to make a solar powered home , users can install PV panels on the roofs of their houses, which can provide the electricity to the most of home appliances. In addition, with the help of appropriate solar management techniques, one can easily make a full use of solar energy, and excess energy can also be sent back to the grid for further use. Solar Intersections: Users can also find various equipments and devices, which are used to maximize the visual and lighting impact at any place through solar energy. They are operated on the principal of collecting energy from solar cells. The above-mentioned measures can educate people about the unlimited powerful capabilities of solar energy, which can be utilized in many useful and productive ways.

Affordable Kentucky Individual Health Insurance

Most Kentucky residents get health insurance through an employer-sponsored group health plan. If you do not come under such a plan, thats when you should consider finding affordable Kentucky individual health insurance to cover yourself and your family. Individual and family health insurance plans are available for newborns on up to the seniors at age 65, self-employed and unemployed persons and students.

Selecting an Affordable Health Insurance Plan

Insurance companies offer different kinds of private individual health insurance plans for Kentucky residents. These include indemnity health insurance (fee-for-service), HMO (health maintenance organization) plans, PPO (preferred provider organization) plans, POS (point-of-service) plans, and HSA (health savings account) plans. A greater choice of doctors and hospitals usually means that a plan will cost more.

Leading insurance companies offering affordable health insurance in Kentucky include Humana, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Aetna and United. They offer various kinds of policies depending on the kind of coverage you need and the state of your health. A health plan would cost more for a person with health issues. However, according to recent legislation, individuals cannot be denied health insurance because of a pre-existing condition.

The best way to find an affordable Kentucky health plan is first see how much premium you can afford to pay and then look for a plan that meets your budget as well as the health needs of your family. You need to compare the quotes for the plans from various health insurance companies. Premiums differ for different kinds of individual health plans. Besides traditional health coverage and HSA-qualified High Deductible Health Plans, it would be helpful if there is a provision to add on optional benefits such as dental, life and supplemental accident coverage for an additional cost.

Get Professional Advice

Professional companies that represent leading insurance providers in Kentucky offer expert guidance on selecting the right kind of health insurance plan. They can help you get quotes and compare them to get affordable individual Kentucky health insurance.

The Benefits of Advertising – Business Internet Marketing

Marketing online has become a very profitable way of marketing products and services of the company. Online advertising is one method of advertising that uses the Internet to deliver the marketing message that can attract customers. World Wide Web is the main medium that can be used as part of online advertising to attract customers and spread the name of the company. There are also several examples of online advertising such as email marketing, banner ads or contextual ads on various search engines.

The benefits of advertising business internet marketing are:

1. Ad beneficial for sellers and buyers. This is mutually beneficial. Sellers use advertising to promote products on the internet by providing an explanation of the details of products both in price, usability, and benefits of these products. Buyers who come to the site, they know about the various products from these ads and can choose according to their wishes.
2. Before the Internet, advertising is limited to newspapers, television and so on. Along with the development of the Internet, we can use a variety of ways to advertise our businesses either through email or posting through various websites. Through advertising on the internet allows you to expand the business globally, not limited to time and place.
3. Internet is becoming increasingly popular in line with the number of people who use these systems and tools. Almost all people use online facilities to perform the work as they use email to send and receive the official letter to the company or using social media such as twitter, Facebook, and others. By using advertising on the internet the more people will see and some of them will make a purchase.
4. Advertise your business with the internet; you will be able to reach very specific target audience through this online facility. This is often referred to as SEO Optimize system where you use specific keywords for specific markets. There is also the term PPC or pay per click where you need to pay for keywords that you are advertising on the internet.
5. Online ads can reach every person in the whole world in a small time period. Some tools or software is provided either free or paid; where you can choose which best suit your business. On average a good website can be optimized in a few months and with time running it will be increasing visitors and buyers so that we get a return on investment.
6. Cheap online advertising as a source of advertising would cost so much while placing an ad in the newspaper or television will be more expensive than online advertising. You can also get a clear picture of how much money he would spend and how much profit from your investment.

If you have not done in the advertising business internet marketing, it is good you start to learn the details and start running. This not only shortens your time in business, but you can increase your profits away from what you get. Of course, learning from the right sources and correct.

Quiet Air Purifiers

If you reside in an area where there is a great deal of air pollution, you will want to consider shopping for quiet air purifiers. These devices not only provide you with clean air in your home, but can do so without making too much noise. It is not a good idea to live in a busy city where you are inhaling smog and other harmful substances everywhere you go. At least you can control the quality of the air in your home.

Air purifiers are necessary for your health if you live where the air is not the cleanest around. Respiratory problems can come about if you allow your lungs to take in this dirty air every day. You will save a lot of time and money in the long run if you invest in a purifier for your home today. Medical bills that could be incurred from taking in unclean air could be cost you a great deal more than even the most expensive air purifier.

If nothing else, these tools can help to cut down on allergies from pollen and other substances.

Quiet air purifiers not only help you live in a healthy manner, but they can also provide you with a more comfortable home. Many purifiers filter out odors, so you will have clean and fresh air that you breathe in. This is very effective for a home that is smoked in. Even if someone smokes just outside the door, the cigarette smell can travel into the home. The purifier will help to remove this scent from the air so no one will have to deal with it. Getting a silent purifier will give you fresh air without all the noise of other purifiers. This really comes in handy when you are trying to sleep or concentrate on working or reading.

Look for air purifiers that offer a HEPA filter.

These filters have passed specific standards set by the Department of Energy. With such a filter, you can remove 99.9% of all allergens and other substances from the air in your home. This will allow you to decrease the amount of dirt, toxins, and other particles that you breathe in on a daily basis.

As you can see, quiet air purifiers are a great investment, especially if you live in a busy, smog-filled city. Even if you live away from pollution, you may benefit from these devices if you are prone to allergies. It can help to filter out pollen, cigarette smoke, and other elements that could irritate your lungs and airways. Be sure to get one with a HEPA filter so you can be sure that you are making a wise investment into a device that will work effectively to remove harmful particles in the air.

Emergency Response Systems For The Elderly

Emergency response systems are used to summon assistance during an emergency situation. An emergency response system is an electronic gadget and it is easy to operate. This device is also known as a Personal Emergency Response System. An emergency alert system is a basic no-fuss instrument as this device is specifically aimed at senior citizens and disabled people who live alone. This gadget is devised to provide immediate response as well as protection in case of any crisis. The emergency response system for elderly is a wise investment.

It will help the individual to get immediate medical assistance during an event of an accident. Because the longer the patient is left untreated, the intensity of the damage increases. Getting immediate help can make a difference between permanent damage and complete recovery. The emergency response system for elderly offers easy and instant access to help when the disaster strikes. People suffering from any serious medical condition or incapable of physical movements can use Medical Emergency Response System. Lightweight and portability are the two best features of emergency response systems that make it all the more comfortable. These devices are also available as medical alert jewelries. It can come in the form of a bracelet, necklace and so on. Your loved one certainly won’t feel awkward and self-conscious while wearing this medical alert jewelry. There are two kinds of emergency response systems available – monitored and the non-monitored. The non-monitored emergency system has two sections: • A handy radio transmitter with a built-in speaker phone • A console that has a connection to the phone line During an accident the user has to press the button of the transmitter sending a wireless signal to the console. Then the call is directly transferred to the 911 emergency services and the user can directly communicate with the 911 operator. There are three basic elements in a monitored emergency system: • A radio transmitter equipped with a help button • A console connected to the phone line • Connection to an emergency response center to receive the alert call During any emergency situation the user presses the “Help” button of the transmitter. This emergency button for elderly generates a wireless signal that is converted by the console into a digital signal. Then the digital signal is transmitted through the phone line to the monitoring center. The operator at the monitoring center talks to the individual to understand the intensity of the situation and the kind of assistance needed. In case the user cannot be communicated, the caregivers are alerted by the monitoring center. If the center fails to contact any caregiver, it immediately informs the appropriate emergency help like paramedics and so on. The emergency button for elderly sends signal to the center incase there is no speaker in the alert system. It is always a good idea to invest in an emergency response system. It can contact the emergency services if needs arise and immediate help can save your loved one.

Healthy Family Lifestyle

This article discusses the influence of the family on a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases: A healthy family lifestyle always begins with a disease free lifestyle. A hundred years ago, people succumbed to communicable diseases like small pox, cholera, malaria, dysentery, tuberculosis etc. To a large extent, these diseases are well under control today if not totally eliminated from the face of the earth, thanks to advances in scientific research. Nowadays, we are plagued with different diseases. The world is plagued with modern diseases like AIDS, obesity, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. Here are some alarming statistics:

o Cardiovascular diseases and stroke claim almost 18 million lives a year worldwide
o 750 million people worldwide are overweight of which 300 million are obese. Obesity is a more serious form of overweight and has been classified as a chronic disease
o This year about 547,000 Americans will die of cancer. Globally, approximately 7.6 million people die from cancer each year
o According to the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes grows annually at a rate of 5% since 1990

Prevention is better than cure. Healthy family lifestyle will mitigate many health risks only if you are aware of what is at stake. Educate your family about the diseases, and what they must do to prevent them.

Role of parents as role models: Children often look up to their parents as role models. Parents can influence children to a large extent to make a good start in life by inculcating in them good values. A healthy family lifestyle is a good starting point. It will instill in them the right values that they can pass on to their own families in future.

Healthy family lifestyle will require attention to the following areas:

1. Foods: Fundamentally important to healthy family lifestyle are foods and diets we ingest daily. It is a well known medical fact that foods have a very large role to play in the state of our health. Educate your family about good and bad food habits, but what better education there is than providing wholesome and nutritious foods for the family as a starting point. For example:

o Eating a balanced diet is important for the heart as well as making sure your family gets all the nutrients they need to grow.
o Avoid or reduce the intake of certain foods for example fast foods; these are often loaded with fats, salt and sugar and low in complex carbohydrates.
o Eating more plant based foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes.
o Reducing sugar intake and avoid sugary drinks, salt and salt related food products like preserved meats (bacon, ham)

2. Maintaining right body weight: This is the single most important factor in maintaining a healthy family lifestyle. Many dreaded diseases owe their origins to overweight and obesity. Foremost among them are Type 2 diabetes, thyroid problem, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and many types of cancer. The importance of maintaining a healthy body weight can never be over-emphasized enough.

3. Exercise: Impress upon the importance of exercise. It is highly recommended for all of us to have half an hour of vigorous exercise or one hour of less vigorous exercise a day. Set a good example by doing it yourself. Lead a more physically active lifestyle and get the whole family involved. Get the children to play less computer games and more outdoor sports. Lead by example; don’t be a couch potato yourself! Do everything together the healthy family lifestyle way.

4. Smoking: Quit smoking. Cigarettes are known to be a leading cause for lung cancer and a host of other serious ailments. Besides, you don’t want your family exposed to second hand smoke, do you? Educate your children about the dangers of tobacco.

Healthy family lifestyle requires serious effort and commitment from you chiefly as the head of the family and co-operation from the whole family. The benefits far outweigh the effort.